Kyokushin & Karate Terminology
Prepared By: Shihan Adnan Tarsha
Branch Chief of International Karate Organization Kyokushin Kaikan

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Stances

English Japanese English Japanese
Open Toes Stance Musubi Dachi Parallel Stance Heiko Dachi
Formal Stance Fudo Dachi - Shizen Dachi Back Leaning Stance Kokutsu Dachi
Figure of Eight Stance Uchi Hachi Ji Dachi Cat Stance Nekoashi Dachi
Outstretched Leg Crouching Sanchin Dachi Crane Stance Tsuruashi Dachi
Straddle Stance Kiba Dachi One Foot Forward Stance Moroashi Dachi
Forward Leaning Stance Zenkutsu Dachi Hook Stance Kakeashi Dachi
Parallel Closed Stance Heisoku Dachi Sparring Posture Kumite No Kamae

Blocks

English Japanese English Japanese
Lower Block Seiken Gedan - Barai Both Knife-Hands Middle Outside Block Shuto Morote Chudan Soto - Uke
Middle Inside Block Seiken Chudan Uchi - Uke Both Inner Knife-Hands Middle Inside Block Haito Morote  Chudan Uchi - Uke
Middle Outside Block Seiken Chudan Soto - Uke Hook Block Kake - Uke
Upper Block Seiken Jodan - Uke Both Hands Hook Block Morote Kake - Uke
Lower Cross Block Seiken Jyuji Gedan - Uke Knife-Hand Roundhouse Block Shuto Mawashi - Uke
Upper Cross Block Seiken Jyuji Jodan - Uke Round House Block Mawashi - Uke
Both Hands Lower Block Morote Gedan- Barai Palm-Hand Lower Block Shotei Gedan - Uke
Both Hands Middle Inside Morote Chudan Uchi - Uke Palm-Hand Middle Outside Block Shotei Chudan Soto - Uke
Both Hands Middle Outside Morote Chudan Soto - Uke Palm-Hand Upper Block Shotei Jodan - Uke
Knife-Hand Lower Block Shuto Gedan - Barai Both Palm-Hands Lower Block Shotei Morote Gedan - Uke
Knife-Hand Middle Outside Shuto Chudan Soto - Uke Both Palm-Hands Outside Block  Shotei Morote Soto - Uke
Inner Knife-Hand Middle Inside Block Haito Chudan Uchi - Uke Both Palm-Hands Upper Block Shotei Morote Jodan - Uke
Knife-Hand Inside Block Shuto Uchi - Uke Palm-Hand Force Down Block Osae Uke
Knife-Hand Upper Block Shuto Jodan - Uke Wrist Middle Inside Block Koken Chudan Uchi - Uke
Knife-Hand Lower Cross Block Shuto Jyuji Gedan - Uke Wrist Middle Block Koken Chudan - Uke
Knife-Hand Upper Cross Block Shuto Jyuji Jodan - Uke Wrist Upper Block Koken jodan - Uke
Both Knife-Hands Lower Block Shuto Morote Gedan- Barai Elbow Middle Block Hiji Chudan - Uke
Both Knife-Hands Middle Inside Block Shuto Morote Chudan Uchi- Uke Elbow Upper Block Hiji Jodan - Uke

Hand Strikes

English Japanese English Japanese
Lower Punch Seiken Gedan - Tsuki Knife-Hand Strike to the Face Shuto Ganmen - Uchi
Middle Punch Seiken Chudan - Tsuki Driving Knife-Hand Strike to the Collarbone Shuto Sakotsu - Uchikomi
Upper Punch Seiken Jodan - Tsuki Descending Knife-Hand Strike Shuto Sakotsu - Uchi
Opposite Punch Seiken Gyaku Tsuki Knife-Hand Strike to the Spleen Shuto Hizo - Uchi
Forefist Strike to the Jaw Seiken Ago - Uchi Side Knife-Hand Strike Shuto Yoko - Uchi
Hook Roundhouse Punch Seiken Kagi Tsuki Upper Inside Knife-Hand Strike Shuto Jodan Uchi - Uchi
Roundhouse Punch Seiken Mawashi - Tsuki Inner Knife-Hand Round- house Strike to Face Haito Mawashi Ganmen -Uchi
Middle Vertical Punch Seiken Tate Chudan Tsuki Inner Knife-Hand Round- house Strike to Spleen Haito Mawashi Hizo - Uchi
Upper Vertical Punch Seiken Tate Jodan - Tsuki Inner Knife-Hand Front Strike Haito Mae Gedan - Uchi
Punch with Kiba Dachi Jun Tsuki Inner Knife-Hand Side Strike Haito Omote Yoko - Uchi
Both Hands Punch Seiken Morote - Tsuki Upper Palm-Heel Strike Shotei Jodan - Uchi
Front Inverted-Fist Strike Uraken Shomen - Uchi Middle Palm-Heel Strike Shotei Chudan - Uchi
Rising Inverted-Fist Strike to the Jaw Uraken Age- Uchi Lower Palm-Heel Strike Shotei Gedan - Uchi
Right and Left Inverted-Fist Strike Uraken Sayu - Uchi Two Fingers Nihon Nukite
Inverted-Fist Strike to the Spleen Uraken Hizo - Uchi Four Fingers Yohon Nukite
Inverted-Fist Low Punch Uraken Shita - Uchi Middle Side Backhand Strike Haishu Chudan Yoko-Uchi
Roundhouse Inverted-Fist Strike Uraken Mawashi - Uchi Upper Side Backhand Strike Haishu Jodan Yoko-Uchi
Descending Inverted-Fist Strike to the Face Uraken Oroshi Ganmen-Uchi Upper Elbow Strike Hiji Jodan - Ate
Fist-Edge Strike to the Face Tettsui Ganmen - Uchi Middle Elbow Strike Hiji Chudan - Ate
Fist-Edge Strike to the Spleen Tettsui Hizo - Uchi Rising Elbow Strike Hiji Age - Ate
Descending Fist-Edge Strike Tettsui Oroshi - Uchi Descending Elbow Strike Hiji Oroshi - Uchi
Middle Side Fist-Edge Strike Tettsui Chudan Yoko - Uchi Backward Elbow Strike Hiji Oshiro - Uchi
Upper Side Fist-Edge Strike Tettsui Jodan Yoko - Uchi Side Elbow Strike Hiji Yoko - Uchi

Kicks

English Japanese English Japanese
Rising Front Kick Mae - Keage Joint Kick Kansetsu - Geri
Rising Side Kick Yoko - Keage Middle Side Kick Chudan Yoko - Geri
Lower Front Knee Kick Gedan Mae Hiza - Geri Upper Side Kick Jodan Yoko - Geri
Middle Front Knee Kick Chudan Mae Hiza - Geri Joint Back Kick Kansetsu Ushiro - Geri
Upper Front Knee Kick Jodan Mae Hiza - Geri Middle Back Kick Chudan Ushiro - Geri
Middle Roundhouse Knee Kick Chudan Mawashi Hiza-Geri Upper Back Kick Jodan Ushiro - Geri
Upper Roundhouse Knee Kick Jodan Mawashi Hiza - Geri Lower Front Heel Kick Kakato Gedan Mae - Geri
Groin Kick Kin - Geri Middle Front Heel Kick Kakato Chudan Mae - Geri
Instep Lower Roundhouse Kick Haisoku Gedan Mawashi -Geri Upper Front Heel Kick Kakato Jodan Mae - Geri
Instep Middle Roundhouse Kick Haisoku Chudan Mawashi -Geri Rising Heel Kick Kakato Age - Geri
Instep Upper Roundhouse Kick Haisoku Jodan Mawashi -Geri Back Roundhouse Kick Ushiro Mawashi - Geri
Instep Inside Roundhouse Kick Haisoku Uchi Mawashi-Geri Foot Sweep Ashi Barai
Arch Outside Roundhouse Kick Teisoku Soto Mawashi-Geri Jumping Front Kick Tobi Mae - Geri
Lower Front Kick Gedan Mae - Geri Jumping Side Kick Tobi Yoko - Geri
Middle Front Kick Chudan Mae - Geri Jumping Roundhouse Kick Tobi Mawashi - Geri
Upper Front Kick Jodan Mae - Geri Jumping Knee Kick Tobi Hiza - Geri
Lower Roundhouse Kick Gedan Mawashi - Geri Jumping Back Kick Tobi Oshiro - Geri
Middle Roundhouse Kick Chudan Mawashi - Geri Jumping Back Roundhouse Kick Tobi Oshiro Mawashi - Geri
Upper Roundhouse Kick Jodan Mawashi - Geri Jumping Inside Roundhouse Kick Tobi Uchi Mawashi - Geri
Shin Lower Roundhouse Kick Sune Gedan Mawashi - Geri Jumping Outside Roundhouse Kick Tobi Soto Mawashi - Geri
Shin Middle Roundhouse Kick Sune Chudan Mawashi-Geri    

Kata

Taikyoku Sono Ichi, Taikyoku Sono Ni, Taikyoku Sono San Bo Kihon Sono Ichi
Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ichi, Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ni, Sokugi Taikyoku Sono San Seienchin
Pinan Sono Ichi, Pinan Sono Ni, Pinan Sono San, Pinan Sono Yon, Pinan Sono Go Garyu
Taikyoku Sono Ichi Ura, Taikyoku Sono Ni Ura, Taikyoku Sono San Ura Bassai Dai
Sanchin Chion
Yantsu Nunchaku Nihon Sono Ichi
Tsuki No Kata Tonfa Kihon Sono Ichi
Gekisai Da Seipai
Tekki Sono Ichi - Tekki Sono Ni - Tekki Sono San Soki
Pinan Sono Ichi Ura, Sono Ni Ura, Sono San Ura, Sono Yon Ura, Sono Go Ura Taizan
Tensho Kanku Dai
Saifa Sushiho
Gekisai Sho  

Various Terminology

English Japanese English Japanese
Empty - Hand Kara -Te Both Hands Morote
Basic Kihon Descending Strike Oroshi
Stances Tachikata Right and Left Sayu
One Step Sparring Ippon Kumite Strike Uchi
Three Steps Sparring Sanbon Kumite Jump Tobi
Prearranged Sparring Yakusoku Kumite Punch Tsuki
Free Sparring Jiyu Kumite Inverted Fist Strike Uraken
Formal Exercise Kata Reverse Ura
Counterattack / Art of Self-Defense Gyakute / Goshin-Jutsu Rest Yasume
Technique with Moving Renraku No Counting Mogore
Basics with Moving Ido Focus Kime
Return to Original Position Naore Breaking Tameshiwari
Method of Breathing Kokyu Ho Headquarter Honbu
Method of Breathing Ibuki Training Hall Dojo 
Method of Breathing Nogare Martial Art Budo
Meditation (Eyes Closed) Mokuso Word of respect Osu
Ready Yoi Kneeling Position Seiza
Opposite Gyaku Training Suit Gi
Shout Kiai Belt Obi
Turn Around Mawatte Technique Wasa

Refereeing Terminology

English Japanese English Japanese
Say: Osu to the Front Shomen-Ni-Rei Unclear Churitsu Fumei
Say: Osu to the Referee Shushin-Ni Unobserved Miezu
Say: Osu to each other Otagai-Ni- Rei Out of Bounds Jyogai
Get Ready-Fighting Stance Kamaete First Penalty Genten-Ichi
Start the bout Hajime Second Penalty Genten-Ni
Stop the bout Yame Disqualification Shikkaku
Face the Front Shomen-Muite Extension Enchosen
Say: Osu Rei Start again the bout-Attack Zokko
One Point Ippon White Shiro
Half Point Wasa-Ari Red Aka
Draw Hiki Wake Foul: to the face Ganmen-Kogeki / or Ganmen
First Warning Chui-Ichi Foul: Grasping the dogi Tsukami
Second Warning Chui-Ni Foul: Pushing Shotei-Oshi / or Shotei
Stand By Ichini-Tsuite Foul: Kick to the groin Kinteki-Kogeki
Foul Technique Hansoku Foul: Head Thrust Zutsuki
Not Recognized Mitomezu Referee asks the decision of the judges Hantei-O-Onegai-Shimasu

Names and Titles

English Japanese English Japanese
President Sosai 6th-5th Kyu Yellow Belt Kiiro Obi
Director Kancho 4th-3th Kyu Green Belt Midori Obi
Master - Expert (5 Dan...) Shihan 2th-1th Kyu Brown Belt Cha Obi
Teacher (3-4 Dan) Sensei Black Belt 1 Dan Kuro Obi/Shodan
Senior Student (1-2 Dan) Senpai Black Belt 2 Dan Nidan
Junior Student Kohai Black Belt 3 Dan Sandan
Referee Shushin Black Belt 4 Dan Yondan
Karate Student Karateka Black Belt 5 Dan Godan
Grade Below Black Belt Kyu Black Belt 6 Dan Rokudan
Black Belt Grade Dan Black Belt 7 Dan Shichi/Nana Dan
White Belt Shiro Obi Black Belt 8 Dan Hachi Dan
10th-9th Kyu Orange Belt Orengi Obi Black Belt 9 Dan Kudan
8th-7th Kyu Blue Belt Mizuiro Obi Black Belt 10 Dan Judan

Body Terminology

English Japanese English Japanese
Head Atama Forearm Kote
Face Ganmen Elbow Hiji
Jaw Ago Thigh Momo
Nose Hana Joints Kansetsu
Mouth Kuchi Fingers Yupi
Ear Mimi Forefist Seiken
Eye Me Fist-Edge Tettsui
Throat Nodo Knife-Hand Shuto
Neck Kubi Inner Knife-Hand Haito
Temple Komekami Palm-Heel Shotei
Shoulder Kata Backhand Haishu
Chest Mune Bent Wrist Koken
Heart Shinzo Foot - Leg Ashi
Ribs Abara Ball of the Foot Chusoku
Spleen Hizo Instep Haisoku
Collar Bone Sakotsu Knife Foot Sokuto
Back Senaka Arch Taisoku
Hip Koshi Heel Kakato
Groin Sokei Knee Hiza
Hand Te Shin Sune

Directions

Eng. Lower Middle Upper Right Left Front Back Side Roundhouse Inside Outside
Jap. Gedan Chudan Jodan Migi Hidari Shomen Ushiro Yoko Mawashi Uchi Soto

Numbers

Eng. 1 One 2 Two 3 Three 4 Four 5 Five 6 Six 7 Seven 8 Eight 9 Nine 10 Ten
Jap. Ichi Ni San Shi Go Roku Shichi Hachi Ku Ju

Photos of the Terminology

Stances  Blocks Hand Strikes Kicks Kata
Various Terminology Refereeing Terminology Names and Titles Body Terminology Directions & Numbers